Little Penguins are found in the cool, temperate coastal waters of Australia and New Zealand and their colonies can range in number from just a couple of pairs to thousands. In Australia, they are found around the Southern coastline from Fremantle in the west, to Sydney in the east.
Little Penguins are the smallest species of penguin in the world, growing to about 30cm in height – just a quarter of the size of their largest cousins, the Emperor Penguin. Although penguins can’t fly, their wings have evolved into powerful flippers, making them the most efficient swimmers of all bird species.
While wild Little Penguin populations are currently stable, they are under pressure from pollution in the ocean such as fishing hooks, plastic waste and oil spills, as well as over fishing and habitat loss. Introduced predators such as dogs and cats also prey on Little penguins.