Adelaide Zoo

Animal Facts

  • Genus:

  • Species:

    Papio hamadryas
  • Conservation

    Least Concern

  • Found In:

    Africa and the Middle East
  • Weight:

    Males 20-30kg, females 10-15kg

Meet the inquisitive baboons!

Adelaide Zoo is home to a family group of  Hamadryas Baboons. Chappi was born at Adelaide Zoo on 25 March 2003 who became an incredible mother to her sons Tomkay and Djibouti, and is now also a grandmother to two infants.

Dominant male – Tomkay was born on 18 December 2014 and like all baboon youngsters, he was very inquisitive and playful, loving nothing more than being the centre of attention, which works well now that he has developed into the dominant male of the group.

Djibouti, Tomkay’s younger brother, was born on 27 October, 2016.

In December 2021, two young females, Quasi and Mahali, arrived from Melbourne Zoo to join out troop. In July 2022, a young female ‘Lily’ was born and in 2023 a young male was born. The young baboons spend a great deal of time ‘playing’ where they are developing all the physical and social skills they will need as adult baboons.

Hamadryas Baboons are primarily found in Ethiopia, but also range into eastern Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti and northern Somalia. They also occur in the Arabian Peninsula; in Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Within these countries the Hamadryas Baboon numbers are of least concern and while they do not have any major range-wide threats, locally they are under pressure from their habitat being converted into farmland.

Hamadryas Baboon males are usually twice as big as the females weighing between 20kg and 30kg while females will be 10kg to 15kg on average. The males are also different in colouring, having beautiful long silver hair which stretches over their shoulders referred to as a ‘cape’. Females are tan to brown in colour, while infants are born with very dark hair which turns lighten as they get older.

Hamadryas Baboons have a male ruled hierarchy and one male will have several females known as a ‘harem’. Often several harems may coexist and these larger groups are known as a ‘clan’.

Hamadryas Baboons were considered sacred in Ancient Egypt and the species is sometimes referred to as Sacred Baboons.

Love Hamadryas Baboons? Join the clan and ensure these baboons stay a leap ahead of extinction! There are many ways you can help support these amazing animals!

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