Although they once inhabited Asia and Europe, the Common Hippopotamus is now restricted to rivers and lakes of sub-Saharan Africa.
Hippos are more at home in the water than they are on land. They are nocturnal, spending the majority of their day in the water, venturing onto land at night to graze.
The male hippo is a solitary and territorial animal, whereas females and young hippos live in social groups consisting of anywhere from 10 to 100 animals.
The primary threats to hippos is illegal and unregulated hunting for meat, the ivory trade and habitat loss due to their reliance on freshwater that puts them at odds with human populations and the growing pressure on freshwater resources across Africa. The Common Hippopotamus is classed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).